His theory for education was based on the argument of human mind at birth is a tabula rasa therefore a child was able to be molded with virtues.
Enlightened absolutism The Marquis of Pombalas the head of the government of Portugal, implemented sweeping socio-economic reforms abolished slaverysignificantly weakened the Inquisitioncreated the basis for secular public schools and restructured the tax systemeffectively ruling as a powerful, progressive dictator The leaders of the Enlightenment were not especially democratic, as they more often look to absolute monarchs as the key to imposing reforms designed by the intellectuals.
The philosophes argued that the establishment of a contractual basis of rights would lead to the market mechanism and capitalismthe scientific methodreligious tolerance and the organization of states into self-governing republics through democratic means.
Known for his political theories, notions on natural rights and separation of powers, John Locke also held An successful enlighten thinker john locke regarding the education. In France, Locke was influential through the first half of the eighteenth century and then rapidly lost influence as the French came to regard the English as conservative.
John Locke political theories were focused on the protection of the human rights, responsibility of the government, clarifying the concept between state and man. The political philosopher Montesquieu introduced the idea of a separation of powers in a government, a concept which was enthusiastically adopted by the authors of the United States Constitution.
Both lines of thought were eventually opposed by a conservative Counter-Enlightenmentwhich sought a return to faith. Hobbes also developed some of the fundamentals of European liberal thought: In reference to this growth, Bernard de Fontenelle coined the term "the Age of Academies" to describe the 18th century.
His advocacy for religious also influenced the freedom of religion among the Americans in the Bill of Rights, as man has the right to practice or to not practice any religion. Locke is known for his statement that individuals have a right to "Life, Liberty and Property" and his belief that the natural right to property is derived from labor.
Voltaire despised democracy and said the absolute monarch must be enlightened and must act as dictated by reason and justice — in other words, be a "philosopher-king".
The enlightenment employed the right of equality among all men. His belief in money describes that money fulfills the need for a constant measure of value and worth in a trading system.
One view of the political changes that occurred during the Enlightenment is that the " consent of the governed " philosophy as delineated by Locke in Two Treatises of Government represented a paradigm shift from the old governance paradigm under feudalism known as the " divine right of kings ".
Official scientific societies were chartered by the state in order to provide technical expertise. She is best known for her work A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Spielvogel As the eighteenth century flourished, Locke stated gold, silver, gems never rot, and therefore with the consent of mankind they become of monetary value and are open for trading value.
Therefore, Locke said that individuals enter into civil society to protect their natural rights via an "unbiased judge" or common authority, such as courts, to appeal to.
This was an early and striking success of the Essay. Scientific academies and societies grew out of the Scientific Revolution as the creators of scientific knowledge in contrast to the scholasticism of the university.
Some poetry became infused with scientific metaphor and imagery, while other poems were written directly about scientific topics.
These views on religious tolerance and the importance of individual conscience, along with the social contract, became particularly influential in the American colonies and the drafting of the United States Constitution.
These rulers are called "enlightened despots" by historians. He previously had supported successful efforts to disestablish the Church of England in Virginia  and authored the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom. With the theory of the blank mind, John Locke presented with reason and logic that men and women could improve themselves by improving the surroundings.
In Poland, the model constitution of expressed Enlightenment ideals, but was in effect for only one year before the nation was partitioned among its neighbors.
Locke defines the state of nature as a condition in which humans are rational and follow natural law, in which all men are born equal and with the right to life, liberty and property. Smith acknowledged indebtedness and possibly was the original English translator.more on the american enlightenment the american enlightenment was characterized not only by knowledge of classical writings, but also an atmosphere where people craved new ideas, knowledge, and wisdom.
it was that craving that led inspired people to make new developments in science, religion, and politics. Norman Kretzmann () holds that Locke’s views, while not original, had a powerful influence on the Enlightenment view of the connection of words and ideas.
Noam Chomsky in Cartesian Linguistics () traces the important ideas in linguistics back to Descartes and the school at Port Royal rather than Locke.
Two thinkers whose contributions to the period have been briefly mentioned were John Locke and Isaac Newton. Locke's political philosophy and Newton's scientific achievements in the late 17th and.
An Successful Enlighten Thinker: John Locke John Locke () is a Philosopher and Physician. He was known as one of the most affective Founding Father of Enlighten movement. Because of his past occupation, who used to persuade to become a doctor, he understood how people's lives, and what was the best form of government that they need.
John Locke's theory of natural rights, as reflected in the Declaration of Independence, states that A. government is the source of all individual rights B.
power should be concentrated in the monarchy. John Locke, one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers, based his governance philosophy in social contract theory, a subject that permeated Enlightenment political thought.
The English philosopher Thomas Hobbes ushered in this new debate with his work Leviathan inDownload