The mines are particularly dangerous during the rainy season, when the damp earth can crumble, leaving miners at the mercy of carbonic gas or crushed inside underground caverns. Production of coltan is carried out by low-paid artisanal and small-scale miners in isolated mines.
In mining towns that depend on coltan for their wealth, fewer people cultivate the land. Niobium and tantalum have a wide range of uses, including refractive lenses for glasses, cameras, phones and printers.
Columbium and tantalum almost always occur together, but columbium is found in greater abundance than tantalum.
Canada[ edit ] The only North American country with a coltan mining industry is Canada. Out of the ore you obtain the rare metal Tantalum. Certain regions in Africa have numerous rich coltan deposits and a history of structural and political violence and exploitation.
From there it will go to the market, potentially to be used in high-end cosmetic products. Despite the mounting death toll, the country receives only a trickle of aid and even less media attention.
Most of the mines are rebel-controlled. The coltan campaign highlights an interesting development in the realm of mobile phone and laptop usage; the beginning of a shift in consumer power from the western world to the developing world. Certain countries have a more flagrant pattern of human rights violations than others, particularly the DRC.
This has not stopped guerilla forces and militia groups from mining the ore and selling it on the black market or shipping it to China. Coltan is mined using techniques developed for gold mining in the s.
Trade involves multiple parties, transportation in the initial stages from the mine to traders over land-based routes, and exchange occurs in the absence of written contracts. Then the local strongman will take his cut. Even in the legal markets, coltan mining is environmentally dangerous.
But with little money, plenty of weapons and ample alcohol, the soldiers often rape and threaten the women. The ore Coltan is just one of many minerals over which there is a civil war going on. But as the conflict drew on, many carpenters reinvented themselves as coffin makers.
The control of different mining functions by specific ethnic groups has created tensions that have fuelled local-level violence, as well as the larger regional conflict that engulfed eastern DRC during the Congo wars [and this] is because ethnicity is directly linked to economic interests related to land and minerals.
About half of exported Rwandan coltan comes from conflict regions in the DRC. A mother of two, she prostitutes herself to the soldiers who frequent a local club called Apollo in order to provide for her sons. Who then, other than the Congolese themselves, could want a conflict that sustains such a business to end?
In our pockets we carry a sample of what they risk their lives for:80% of the world’s known Coltan supply is in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Experts say, that the demand for Coltan is one of the driving forces behind the war in the DRC. Most of the mines are rebel-controlled.
The Congo possesses 80 percent of the world's coltan. When coltan is refined it becomes a heat resistant powder that can hold a high electric charge. The properties of refined coltan is a vital element in creating devices that store energy or capacitors, which are used in a vast array of small electronic devices, especially in mobile phones.
In recent years the ‘obscure mineral’ coltan—geological name Columbite Tantalite—has become widely known and politicised for being closely connected with the violence of armed groups in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
Similar to campaigns about ‘blood diamonds’ in. A miner, a trafficker, an undertaker, and a prostitute offer an insight into life in the Democratic Republic of Congo. About a thousand miles away in the Ituri region, on the other side of the Democratic Republic of Congo, people fleeing a massacre climb out of boats and wade ashore, their homes burned to the.
The current war in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has brought unspeakable devastation upon its people. With approximately 73, people dying monthly 1, the death toll is rapidly approaching four million in three years of war.Download