Both leader and member are motivated by self interest, their growth in the organization by proving their value. The merits of transformational leadership Transformational leadership has number of significant merits and has attracted a long history of empirical research.
It is also necessary at this stage, to deal with the emotional resistance that typically accompanies change and this may be achieved through careful recognition of the individuals needs of staff or followers.
Although Bass refers to inspirational leadership as an element of transformational leadership some scholars consider it to be different from transformational leadership and propose inspirational leadership as a standalone leadership theory. The effectiveness of transactional leader depends upon ability to continually engage in new contracts with the employees, but once the process pauses, the leaders influence quickly declines.
And without the assurance that the direction where the leader leads them or the plans he or she has are for correct and necessary for the betterment of the organization and its people. Bass refutes this criticism and maintains that transformational leadership can be democratic and participative.
They also have the means to make their followers share the same enthusiasm they possess and think of the betterment of many than just one person. Assumption of Motivation This leadership style tries to let subordinates and followers feel that they have common goals that need to be accomplished.
Moreover, employees also become hopeful and inspired to attain these goals. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, This type of leadership is one that makes people perform better and maximize their potential.
The selling of this vision never stops, and the followers receive constant encouragement to do their part. Moreover, some followers may have dependent characters and form strong and unfortunate bonds with their leaders Stone, Russell and Patterson,p.
Within military and government contexts, General Colin Powell overcame entrenched racism particularly in the US military and low institutional expectations of African Americans to become chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff in Social Work Research, 25 1pp.
And since these leaders are believable and have the charm to entice others, decisions that are not in the best interests of the majority can be carried out and in the end, have negative implications. These criticisms about the morality of transformational leadership have been addressed by the argument that to be truly transformational, leadership must have moral foundations Griffin, They are very well respected and deeply trusted by their subordinates.
Prioritization When it comes to encouraging team members, transformational leaders have the tendency to coach and mentor only selected groups of individuals.
Further, as Bass notes, transformational leadership lacks the checks and balances of countervailing interests, influences and power that might help to avoid dictatorship and oppression of a minority by a majority.
The leaders act as role models that followers seek to emulate. Unidirectional Influence In organizations where transformational leadership style is practiced, subordinates are motivated and influenced to do what is for the good of the organization and not the other way around.
In general, the model of compensation and performance evaluation is a form of transactional leadership model. Transactional leadership is an opportunistic model that is effective in short-term goals.
As Northouse points out, there is no exact means to ensure that the new direction or vision proposed by a transformational leader is better or more promising than the existing organisational priorities.
Criticisms of Transformational Leadership The morality of transformational leadership has been questioned, especially by libertarians and organizational development consultants Griffin, Inspirational leadership is an approach to leadership with its emphasis on inspiration or inspiring followers Avramenko, ; Goffee and Jones, Can Result to Wrong Decisions Since transformational leaders, say, of nations can stimulate the minds of their followers, they can make these people agree and supportive o f the plans and actions of the government.
Similarly to transformational leaders, inspirational leaders enthuse and arouse others both emotionally and intellectually. They are empowered to make decisions and are always provided with the needed support to implement their decisions.
Charisma is personal power or personal magnetism that leads to acceptance and liking by followers. In response to critics discussing the dark sides of transformational leaders, Bass differentiates between transformational leadership and pseudo-transformational leadership.
In the end, they will be tired and dissatisfied because they will feel that they are taken advantage of. Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 9 4pp.
They both had a burning personal conviction that their goals for their nations were the right and best goals. He went further, becoming in the first African American to become US Secretary of State, a position some said he filled with vision and the qualities of a transformational leader Chekwa, Strengths of Transformational Leadership Well Researched: Transactional and transformational leadership: This example however represents a slightly different conceptualisation of transformational leadership, leaving the question remaining:A critique of transformational leadership: Moral, professional and contingent dimensions of leadership within public services organizations Show all authors Graeme Currie.
According to ultimedescente.com, transformational leadership is a leadership style in which a leader identifies the need for change, creates a vision for guiding the change through inspiration.
10 Disadvantages of Transformational Leadership Always being compared with transactional leadership, transformational leadership is one of the most prominent styles practiced by leaders.
This works under the premise that the leader should work with his or her followers or subordinates to achieve common goals and changes. Justification and critisism of Transformational Leadership. Print several factors like personality, complication, clarity and other factors.
Johnson and Kepner () explain the key criticism within transformational leadership is that, it possesses high probability for the abuse of power. the lack of conceptual clarity. The. Transformational leadership can be found at all levels of management.
Transformational leaders are visionary, inspiring, daring, risk-takers, and thoughtful thinkers. Table 1. Dimensions of Transformational Leadership. Nevertheless, it is clear that general understandings of transformational leadership are dominated by acceptance of the four dimensions set out in the left-hand column of Table 1 (see, for example, Stone, Russell & Patterson ()).Download