Certain attributes of Tunisia served as possible seeds for the success of its democratic institutions, such as their relatively homogenous population, broad middle class, high level of education, and national history.
The GNC claimed it needed more time in office to work on the constitution, and assured forthcoming elections. The limits to any exploration of political cultural factors, especially towards such a specific concept as democratic institutions, must be acknowledged.
Following this divide-and-conquer strategy, the regime separated communities from one another in order to solidify Gaddafi rule, eventually growing into a relatively weak state apparatus controlling a patchwork of different ethnic communities.
Privatisation of the economy mostly benefited the Ben Ali families and their patrons, who controlled most sectors of the economy. Model of Stable Relations. The interesting characteristic of an internet-enabled movement is the flat structure. Admittedly, Tunisia has made commendable changes, particularly in regards to its democracy in the past five years.
Cameron Evers Written at: Tunisia is the smallest country in the Maghreb, with a population of 11 million people. While the political transition has been successful overall, the difficult economic situation may pose a threat to its consolidation.
For its part, Libya absorbed 6. There was civil war in Libya which led to fleeing and death of the ruler Muhammar Gaddafi, ending his 42 year rule. While the post-revolutionary Tunisia has endured targeted assassinations of secular politicians as well as government repression of Islamists, the levels of violence and repression are far lower than those in Libya.
Although the author credits social media with helping organize the protest and connect activists, she also goes on to say that the social media will not be help with running the country which is the current concern in the country at present.
Another aspect of that played a significant role was the spread of music on the social media platform.
The revolution thus began in the city International actors in the tunisian revolution politics essay Sidi Bouzid, in the interior of the country as a result of the police got violent and the shocking images and content were shared on the Internet. With the uprising in Libya, all this came to an end.
Tunisia was always susceptible to an internet-enable revolution considering a good number of Tunisians are internet-savvy, use social media and most of the population uses mobile phones. The country has also relied on Algeria to assist it in the fight against terrorism. Bouazizi died on 5 Januaryigniting nationwide protests that forced Ben Ali to flee the country Introduction: In summerthe situation was somewhat alleviated because of the many Algerian tourists who visited the country and saved the tourist season.
The song was shared only on Facebook, which made it even more exclusive. An aspect where social media helped was creating some order and organization to the chaos. It thus seizes to have a hierarchy.
The secularists failed to mobilise voters who still saw Ennahda as the most ardent opponent of the Ben Ali regime, of which it was the biggest victim.
A Democrat within Islamism. Yet Ben Ali proved to be much more corrupt than his predecessor, and byeconomic and political grievances erupted into revolution, removing him from power.
Thus instead of trying to make Libya like Tunisia, through emulating factors conducive to pro-democratic political culture, which may be impossible, perhaps it is necessary to accommodate the present challenges to Libyan political development. Transitional political coalitions, constitutions, and parliaments followed and ruled.
Yet even if a vast majority had been achieved, the groups and citizens engaging in politics are still bound by mutual trust and tolerance, as indicated by the conciliatory moves from both sides of the aisle.
In the electoral law for the election of the constituent assembly, women and minority seats were underrepresented, and the law also did not accommodate specific minority issues such as the status of the Tamazight language spoken by Libyan Berbers.
Analyzing the cases of Libya and Tunisia reveals the important role of political culture in their democratic transitions as well as the pitfalls of applying democratic institutions where a lacking cultural receptiveness negates their functionality. Moreover, the military has remained out of political affairs and politicians have not engaged in using political advantages to oppress opponents.
Democratic institutions have been sought for Libya, and have been haphazardly applied to an environment lacking in real democratic receptivity—both structurally and culturally. Ghannouchi had convinced large segments of society that Islam and democracy were compatible and that pluralism was not antithetical to Islam — views that he had expounded well before the revolution.
Rumours and misinformation could be easily corrected and passed on using social media. Many factors explain this outcome during the Tunisian transition: Faced with this dangerous security situation, the authorities have restored the intelligence services, which had been dismantled in the post-revolutionary period, and reformed the police force.
In light of this increasing discontent, President Essebsi has launched a violent crackdown on protestors since the start of the year; in just nine days of protests in Januaryover demonstrators were arrested. Duringsecurity issues became problematic, with Zeidan even being kidnapped at one point but returned safely.
Tunisia underwent generational changes to its civic culture leading Tunisian politicians and citizens to engage in trustworthy, tolerant, pro-democratic behavior, fulfilling the functional requirements of democratic institutions and assuring their survival.
This can enable to country in question get outside help and support which will only strengthen the entire movement. Discussion of the Case The social media - Facebook and Twitter might not have "caused" the Jasmine Revolution but it definitely was a major catalyst in bringing about the change that we see in Tunisia today.
Yet Tunisia is not undergoing an armed conflict, and endured a relatively bloodless revolution.In Januaryafter intensive negotiations between various Tunisian political parties and unions since the ousting of Ben Ali, the new Tunisian Constitution was ratified.
In Octobera secular umbrella party, Nidaa Tounes, was elected into government, with its leader, Beji Caid Essebsi, elected as President in December.
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